Prayer and Fasting: “

Episode 5

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Fasting, as described in the Bible, is not just an act of self-denial but a way to draw closer to God, seeking His wisdom and guidance. Throughout Scripture, we find numerous instances where fasting played a pivotal role in the spiritual journey of God’s people. Let’s delve deeper into the biblical understanding of fasting, using Scripture as our guide.

1. The Essence of Fasting: Sacrifice and Humility

Scripture Reference: Isaiah 58:5-7 "Is it such a fast that I choose, a day for a person to humble himself? Is it to bow down his head like a reed, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? Will you call this a fast, and a day acceptable to the Lord?"

Fasting Beyond the Surface: Isaiah’s Profound Message on True Sacrifice

The Book of Isaiah, one of the most poetic and evocative books in the Old Testament, offers a profound perspective on many spiritual practices, including fasting. In Isaiah 58, the prophet Isaiah conveys God’s message, challenging the Israelites’ superficial approach to fasting and urging them to understand its deeper significance.

The Superficiality of Outward Rituals

In ancient Israel, as in many religious traditions, fasting was a common practice. People would abstain from food or drink, wear sackcloth, and cover themselves in ashes as signs of penance, mourning, or spiritual devotion. However, over time, these external signs began to overshadow the true purpose of fasting. For some, the act became more about public display and societal expectations than genuine spiritual commitment.

The Heart of True Fasting

Isaiah 58:5-7 poses a series of rhetorical questions that challenge the prevailing understanding of fasting. God, through Isaiah, asks:
“Is it such a fast that I choose, a day for a person to humble himself? Is it to bow down his head like a reed, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? Will you call this a fast, and a day acceptable to the Lord?”

These questions underscore a critical point: God is not merely interested in the external signs of fasting. He is looking for an inward transformation—a heart that is genuinely humbled and attuned to His will.

Fasting as a Catalyst for Righteous Action

The subsequent verses provide a clearer picture of what God considers true fasting:
“Is not this the fast that I choose: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the straps of the yoke, to let the oppressed go free, and to break every yoke? Is it not to share your bread with the hungry and bring the homeless poor into your house; when you see the naked, to cover him, and not to hide yourself from your own flesh?” (Isaiah 58:6-7)

Here, God outlines the actions that should accompany genuine fasting. It’s not enough to merely abstain from food or wear sackcloth. True fasting should inspire believers to act justly, care for the needy, and champion the cause of the oppressed. It’s a call to embody God’s love and mercy in tangible ways.

The Transformative Power of Genuine Fasting

When fasting is approached with this deeper understanding, it becomes a powerful tool for spiritual and societal transformation. It’s no longer just about personal piety but about aligning oneself with God’s heart for justice, mercy, and compassion.

In essence, Isaiah’s message serves as a timeless reminder for believers: Fasting, when done with a sincere heart and accompanied by righteous actions, can bring us closer to God’s vision for humanity—a world marked by justice, love, and compassion.

2. Focusing on the Divine

Scripture Reference: Matthew 6:16-18 "And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have their reward. But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, that your fasting may not be seen by others but by your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you."

Fasting with Intention: Jesus’ Teachings on Authentic Worship

In the Sermon on the Mount, one of the most comprehensive teachings of Jesus, He provides profound insights into various aspects of spiritual life, including prayer, almsgiving, and fasting. His words on fasting, found in Matthew 6:16-18, offer a transformative perspective that challenges not just the act itself but the heart behind it.

The Cultural Context of Fasting

In Jesus’ time, fasting was a well-established religious practice among the Jews. It was a way to express grief, repentance, or intense prayer. However, as with many religious practices, the external act of fasting became susceptible to hypocrisy and showmanship. Some individuals used fasting as a means to gain public admiration for their perceived piety, making it evident to others that they were fasting by looking disheveled or sad.

Jesus’ Call to Authenticity

In Matthew 6:16, Jesus says, “And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others.” With these words, Jesus directly confronts the superficiality and hypocrisy of those who fast for public recognition. He labels them “hypocrites” – a term He often uses for those who put on a religious facade without genuine faith or intention behind their actions.

The Intimacy of True Fasting

Jesus continues in verses 17-18, “But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, that your fasting may not be seen by others but by your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.” Here, Jesus emphasizes the deeply personal and intimate nature of true fasting. It’s not about external appearances or seeking human approval. Instead, it’s a sacred act of worship between the individual and God.

By instructing believers to maintain their usual appearance when fasting, Jesus underscores the importance of the heart’s intention over the outward display. The reward for such genuine fasting is not human admiration but divine acknowledgment. The “Father who sees in secret” knows the sincerity of our hearts and responds to genuine acts of devotion.

The Transformative Power of Intentional Fasting

When fasting is approached as Jesus teaches, it becomes more than just abstaining from food or drink. It becomes a profound spiritual discipline that deepens our relationship with God. It’s a time of self-reflection, repentance, and heightened spiritual awareness. Without the distractions of seeking human approval, believers can focus entirely on God, drawing closer to Him and understanding His will more clearly.


Jesus’ teachings on fasting serve as a timeless reminder of the importance of authenticity in our spiritual practices. It’s not the external act that matters most, but the heart’s intention behind it. By fasting with genuine devotion and keeping our focus on God, we can experience the true depth and power of this ancient discipline.

Scripture Reference: Acts 13:2-3 "While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, 'Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.' Then after fasting and praying they laid their hands on them and sent them off."

The early church recognized the power of fasting in discerning God’s will. It was during a time of fasting and worship that the Holy Spirit gave direction for the mission of Barnabas and Saul (later Paul).

3. Fasting as a Tool for Spiritual Growth

Scripture Reference: Acts 13:2-3 "While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, 'Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.' Then after fasting and praying they laid their hands on them and sent them off."

Fasting and the Early Church: Discerning God’s Will in the Mission of Barnabas and Saul

The early Christian church, emerging in the wake of Jesus’ resurrection and ascension, faced numerous challenges and decisions. As they navigated the complexities of spreading the Gospel, they often turned to spiritual disciplines, like fasting, to seek clarity and direction from God. One of the most pivotal moments involving fasting is recorded in the Book of Acts, where the Holy Spirit provides guidance for the mission of Barnabas and Saul.

The Context: A Church in Antioch

In Acts 13, we find the church in Antioch, a vibrant community of believers that included prophets and teachers. This church was a melting pot of cultures and backgrounds, reflecting the diverse city it was situated in. As the church grew, the need for direction and clarity in their mission became paramount.

Fasting, Worship, and the Holy Spirit’s Guidance

Acts 13:2-3 states: “While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, ‘Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.’ Then after fasting and praying they laid their hands on them and sent them off.”

Several key points emerge from this passage:

  1. Communal Engagement: The church was collectively engaged in worship and fasting. This wasn’t an individual endeavor but a communal act, reflecting the unity and shared purpose of the early believers.
  2. Divine Direction: It was during this time of spiritual discipline that the Holy Spirit spoke, providing clear direction for the church’s mission. This underscores the belief that fasting and prayer can create an environment conducive to hearing from God.
  3. Affirmation and Sending: After receiving the Holy Spirit’s guidance, the church continued in prayer and fasting before laying hands on Barnabas and Saul, symbolizing their blessing and commissioning for the mission ahead.
The Impact of the Mission

Following this divine directive, Barnabas and Saul (who would later be more commonly known as Paul) embarked on their first missionary journey. This mission would prove foundational in the spread of Christianity, leading to the establishment of several churches and the further dissemination of the Gospel message.

The Significance for Modern Believers

The account of Barnabas and Saul serves as a potent reminder of the power of fasting in discerning God’s will. It emphasizes the importance of:

  • Collective Spiritual Disciplines: Engaging in communal acts of worship, fasting, and prayer can lead to clarity and unity in purpose.
  • Openness to the Spirit: Being receptive to the Holy Spirit’s guidance, especially during times of intentional spiritual focus, can provide direction in crucial moments.
  • Affirmation and Action: Once God’s will is discerned, it’s essential to move forward with affirmation and action, as the early church did by commissioning Barnabas and Saul.

The early church’s reliance on fasting to discern God’s will in the mission of Barnabas and Saul offers profound insights for believers today. As we navigate the complexities of modern life and seek direction in our spiritual journeys, the disciplines of fasting and prayer remain invaluable tools in drawing closer to God and understanding His purpose for our lives.

4. Approaching Fasting with Intention

Scripture Reference: Joel 2:12-13 "Yet even now," declares the Lord, "return to me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning; and rend your hearts and not your garments."

Heart Over Habit: The True Essence of Fasting in God’s Eyes

Throughout the Bible, God consistently emphasizes the importance of the heart’s condition over mere ritualistic practices. This principle is especially evident when it comes to fasting. While the act of fasting involves abstaining from food or certain pleasures, its true essence lies far deeper than these external actions.

The Problem with Ritualistic Fasting

Over time and across various cultures, fasting became a standardized religious practice. For some, it evolved into a ritual—a box to check off in their spiritual to-do list. The danger here is that the act can become devoid of its intended spiritual significance. When fasting is reduced to mere ritual, it loses its transformative power.

God’s Desire: A Sincere Heart

The prophet Joel captures God’s sentiment on this matter succinctly:
“Yet even now,” declares the Lord, “return to me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning; and rend your hearts and not your garments.” (Joel 2:12-13)

In this passage, God’s message is clear: He values the condition of the heart over external displays of piety. “Rend your hearts and not your garments” is a poignant call to internal repentance and genuine spiritual renewal, rather than superficial acts of religion.

Fasting as a Pathway to Repentance

True fasting is meant to be a time of introspection and spiritual recalibration. It’s an opportunity to:

  1. Acknowledge Shortcomings: Recognizing areas in our lives that may not align with God’s will.
  2. Seek Forgiveness: Approaching God with a contrite heart, asking for His mercy and grace.
  3. Realign with God’s Will: Using the fasting period to refocus on God’s Word and His direction for our lives.
The Transformative Power of Genuine Fasting

When approached with a sincere heart, fasting becomes a powerful spiritual tool. It:

  • Deepens Relationship with God: It fosters a more intimate connection, allowing believers to hear from God more clearly.
  • Promotes Spiritual Growth: It provides an opportunity to grow in faith, humility, and dependence on God.
  • Cultivates Compassion: True fasting, as highlighted in Isaiah 58, should lead to acts of kindness, justice, and love towards others.

God’s call for sincerity in fasting serves as a timeless reminder for believers. It’s not the outward act that He values most but the inward transformation that occurs when one genuinely seeks Him. As we consider or engage in fasting, it’s crucial to remember its true essence: a heart earnestly seeking after God.

5. The Power of Prayer and Meditation

Scripture Reference: Daniel 9:3 "Then I turned my face to the Lord God, seeking him by prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes."

The story of Daniel, a young Hebrew in Babylonian captivity, offers a rich tapestry of faith, courage, and spiritual discipline. Among the many facets of his relationship with God, Daniel’s commitment to fasting and prayer stands out as a testament to the transformative power of these combined spiritual practices.

The Context: Daniel’s Fasting and Prayer

In Daniel 9, we witness a poignant moment where Daniel, after understanding from the Scriptures that the desolation of Jerusalem would last seventy years, turns to God in fasting and prayer. His fast wasn’t a mere ritualistic abstention from food; it was a deep, heartfelt mourning and a fervent plea to God.

The Nature of Daniel’s Prayer

Daniel’s prayer in chapter 9 is profound and multifaceted:

  1. Confession: Daniel acknowledges both his sins and the sins of his people. He doesn’t approach God with a sense of entitlement but with humility and contrition.
  2. Supplication: He pleads for God’s mercy, not based on the righteousness of the people but on God’s great mercy.
  3. Seeking Understanding: Daniel seeks clarity and understanding regarding God’s plans for His people.
The Power of Combined Fasting and Prayer

When fasting and prayer are combined, as in Daniel’s case, they create a potent spiritual synergy:

  1. Heightened Spiritual Sensitivity: Fasting, by its nature, reduces our focus on the physical and amplifies our spiritual awareness. This heightened sensitivity, combined with prayer, can make us more receptive to God’s voice.
  2. Deepened Humility: Fasting is a tangible reminder of our human frailty and dependence on God. When paired with earnest prayer, it fosters a posture of humility, making us more open to divine guidance.
  3. Amplified Intensity: The physical act of fasting can intensify our prayers, adding a layer of earnestness and urgency. This fervency can lead to breakthroughs and revelations.
The Outcome: Divine Response

In response to Daniel’s combined fasting and prayer, God sends the angel Gabriel to provide understanding and insight. This divine revelation not only offers immediate clarity to Daniel but also provides prophetic visions that have been studied and marveled at by theologians and believers for centuries.

Implications for Modern Believers

Daniel’s example offers a blueprint for modern believers seeking spiritual breakthroughs:

  • Intentionality: Approach fasting and prayer with a clear purpose, whether it’s seeking understanding, interceding for a situation, or pursuing spiritual growth.
  • Humility: Recognize our human limitations and approach God with a contrite heart, ready to listen and obey.
  • Expectancy: Believe in the power of combined fasting and prayer to bring about divine revelations and answers.

Daniel’s story underscores the profound impact of fasting and prayer when pursued with sincerity and faith. His experience serves as a beacon for all believers, illuminating the path to deeper communion with God, spiritual breakthroughs, and divine revelations.

The Deeper Dimensions of Fasting: A Journey of Heart and Spirit

The Bible, spanning from the Old to the New Testament, offers a rich tapestry of teachings, stories, and principles that guide believers in their spiritual journeys. Among these teachings, the discipline of fasting stands out as a practice that transcends mere ritual and delves into the depths of spiritual transformation.

Beyond Physical Abstinence

At its most basic, fasting involves abstaining from food or certain kinds of foods. However, the biblical perspective on fasting goes far beyond this physical dimension. It’s not just about what we refrain from consuming; it’s about what we seek to nourish within our souls.

  1. Heart Alignment: Fasting serves as a mirror, reflecting the state of our hearts. It’s an opportunity to assess where we stand in our relationship with God and realign our hearts with His purposes and desires.
  2. Spiritual Sensitivity: As we deny our physical appetites, our spiritual senses become more attuned. This heightened sensitivity can lead to a clearer discernment of God’s voice, guiding us in decisions, revealing truths, or simply drawing us closer to His presence.
Seeking Divine Wisdom

In the hustle and bustle of life, it’s easy to rely on our understanding or the wisdom of the world. Fasting, however, creates a space where we intentionally set aside our worldly wisdom to seek God’s divine insight. Whether we’re facing challenges, standing at crossroads, or simply desiring to know more of God’s heart, fasting can be a conduit through which divine wisdom flows more freely.

Deepening the Divine Relationship

Fasting is, at its core, an act of love and devotion. It’s a way of saying, “God, I desire You more than my daily bread.” This act of prioritizing God over our most basic needs can lead to a deeper, more intimate relationship with Him. It’s a journey of discovering more of God’s character, His love, and His plans for our lives.

Guided by the Word

The Bible serves as our compass in the fasting journey. From Moses’ forty days on Mount Sinai to Jesus’ time in the wilderness, to the early church’s communal fasts, Scripture provides examples and teachings that illuminate the path. By immersing ourselves in the Word, we ensure that our approach to fasting remains grounded in its true purpose and potential.

In Conclusion

Fasting, as presented in the Bible, is a transformative spiritual discipline. It’s an invitation to set aside the temporal to embrace the eternal, to forsake physical sustenance to feast on spiritual truths. As believers embark on this sacred journey, it’s essential to approach it with a heart attuned to God’s will, guided by the timeless truths of Scripture, and open to the profound spiritual growth and revelations that await.

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